During a meeting with educational administrators today, Lisa and I were asked a question that we hear over and over again. Every time, it goes something like this: “How do I help my English, (Math, Social Studies, Reading, Science, etc.) teacher work with the ESL students in his/her classroom?” They go on to explain that their teachers don’t know what to do.
One unique book that addresses this very important issue is “Every Teacher’s Toolkit – Closing the Achievement Gap for English Learners” by Karen Kwaguchi (Pearson-Longman). This is a great book for teachers who have little or no experience with ELLs. It includes lots of basics like a description of ELL language proficiency levels, a glossary of commonly used terms in English language teaching, and tips on teaching academic vocabulary. Each unit includes mini-lessons, useful graphic organizers and insights on ESL methodology.
Content area teachers need to be reminded that every teacher is a language teacher and every lesson they teach includes a language component. At the same time, we need to provide all teachers with strategies that will enable the English Language Learner to access the content of each lesson. This is the basic premise for The SIOP Model (The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) created by D. Short, M.Vogt and J. Echevarria (Pearson-Allyn&Bacon/Merrill). Visit http://www.siopinstitute.net/ for more information.
The SIOP model is “a scientifically validated model of sheltered instruction designed to make grade-level academic content understandable for English learners while at the same time developing their English language. The protocol and lesson planning guide ensure that teachers are consistently implementing practices known to be effective for English learners.” -from the SIOP Model for Administrators, 2008
Of course, I know there are no quick fixes or easy answers on training all teachers to effectively address the educational needs of English Language Learners. The good news is that the right questions are being asked, which means better instruction for all ELLs in the long run.